Facts About Ghana


Ghana Map and Flag Design

1. The official language of Ghana is English, but most people speak several other languages as well.  Over 70 major languages are spoken such as Twi, Ewe, Dagbani, Dangme, and Nzemaa. 

2. Kejetia Market is the largest open air market in West Africa.  It is located in Kumasi, the Ashanti region’s capital and it boasts a remarkable variety of goods ranging from local crafts such as cloth, sandals, and beads, to fruits and vegetables.

3. In Ghana, freedom of worship is a constitutional right.  There is virtually no conflict between Muslims, Christians, and other minority religions.  Children are taught in school to tolerate the differences in others.

4. Lake Volta, in the Volta region of the country, is the largest man-made lake.  It’s 250 miles long and covers 3,283 miles, or 3.6% of Ghana’s total area.

5. The currency unit in Ghana is called the cedi. The word “cedi” comes from a local word meaning a cowry shell. Cowry shells (from sea snails) were once used as money in Ghana.

6. Kofi Annan is one of the most well-known Ghanaians.  He served as Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1997 – 2006. Mr. Annan and the UN were the co-recipients of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize for his commitment to human rights.

7. Kente is a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven clots strips and is native to the Akan people of South Ghana.  It is a very important national costume and clothing.  The cloths are used to make traditional and modern Ghanaian attire.  It is a visual representation of history and a form of written language through weaving.

Different symbols and colors have varying meanings.  They are worn during very important social and religious occasions:

  • black: maturation, intensified spiritual energy
  • blue: peacefulness, harmony and love
  • green: vegetation, planting, harvesting, growth, spiritual renewal
  • gold: royalty, wealth, high status, glory, spiritual purity
  • grey: healing and cleansing rituals; associated with ash
  • maroon: the color of mother earth; associated with healing
  • pink: associated with the female essence of life; a mild, gentle aspect of red
  • purple: associated with feminine aspects of life; usually worn by women
  • red: political and spiritual moods, bloodshed, sacrificial rites and death.
  • silver: serenity, purity, joy; associated with the moon
  • white: purification, sanctification rites and festive occasions
  • yellow: preciousness, royalty, wealth, fertility, beauty

Kente Cloth

Cocoa Pod

8. The Ghana economy is an emerging digital-based mixed economy – meaning there is an increase in their manufacturing and exportation of digital technology as well as automobiles and ships.  They also export industrial minerals and agricultural products such as cocoa, petroleum, and natural gas.

9.  Ghanaian cuisine is diverse and includes an assortment of soups and stews prepared with vegetables, meat, poultry, or fish. Banku is a common food made from ground corn and is usually served with some form of fried fish and a spicy condiment made from raw red and green chilies, onions, and tomatoes. 

10. Ghana's total area is 92,098 sq miles.  In comparison, Colorado's total area is larger at 104,185 sq miles.  The country's population is approximately 27 million people while our state is home to about 5.5 million residents.